18 Mart 1915′te kazanılan Çanakkale Deniz Savaşlarından sonra düşman orduları denizden aşamayacakları boğaza çıkartma yapmaya karar vermiştir. 25 Nisan 1915 tarihinde 7 farklı bölgeden Gelibolu yarımadasına çıkartma yapılmıştır. İşte bu çıkartma sırasında ölen Avustralya ve Yeni Zelanda askerleri 1934 yılından beri “Anzak Günü” adı altında bir törenle anılmaktadır.
Anzac günü,Avusturalyalılar ve Yeni Zellandalılar tarafından her yıl Nisan ayının 25 ‘i gecesi sabaha karşı 05:30′da Anzac Koyu’nda bir törenle anılırlar.Bu gün için binlerce Avustralyalı ve Yeni Zellandalı Çanakkale’ye gelerek ayine katılırlar. Gallipoli Anzac Tours
In 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of an Allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula, according to a plan by Winston Churchill to open the way to the Black Sea for the Allied navies. anzac tour The objective was to capture Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, which was an ally of Germany during the war. The ANZAC force landed at Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Army commanded by Mustafa Kemal (later known as Atatürk). What had been planned as a bold strike to knock the Ottomans out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915, the Allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. The Allied casualties included 21,255 from the United Kingdom, an estimated 10,000 dead soldiers from France, 8,709 from Australia, 2,721 from New Zealand, and 1,358 from British India. News of the landing at Gallipoli made a profound impact on Australians and New Zealanders at home and 25 April quickly became the day on which they remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in the war. Though the Gallipoli campaign failed to achieve its military objectives of capturing Constantinople and knocking the Ottoman Empire out of the war, the actions of the Australian and New Zealand troops during the campaign bequeathed an intangible but powerful legacy. The creation of what became known as an “Anzac legend” became an important part of the national identity in both countries. This has shaped the way their citizens have viewed both their past and their understanding of the present. anzac tour
In London, over 2,000 Australian and New Zealand troops marched through the streets of the city. A London newspaper headline dubbed them “The Knights of Gallipoli”. Marches were held all over Australia in 1916; wounded soldiers from Gallipoli attended the Sydney march in convoys of cars, accompanied by nurses. anzac day tours 2016 Over 2,000 people attended the service in Rotorua. For the remaining years of the war, Anzac Day was used as an occasion for patriotic rallies and recruiting campaigns, and marches of serving members of the AIF were held in most cities. From 1916 onwards, in both Australia and New Zealand, Anzac memorials were held on or about 25 April, mainly organised by returned servicemen and school children in cooperation with local authorities. anzac day tours 2016